Important Diabetes Tests and Exams to Prevent Complications

Most important diabetes tests and exams

Why should you consider having these diabetes tests, exams and vaccines?

  • Staying healthy is your priority

A diagnosis of diabetes means you should be extra-careful as it can lead to diabetes complications. They include stroke, heart disease, problems with eyesight, kidney problems, leg amputations, teeth and gum problems and nerve damage.

  • Having these 10 diabetes tests and exams is crucial for prevention or delay of diabetes complications

Getting the 10 diabetes test and exams makes it possible to detect any health problem early when it is small and less-serious. Treatment can be started in formative stages to prevent or delay health problems.

  • The 10 diabetes test and exams are based on scientific evidence

The National Standards for Quality Care and the American Diabetes Association recommend that diabetics should get the 10 diabetes tests and exams. The test and exams are based on evidence-based research on what is best for diabetics to prevent or delay serious life complications.

  1. Blood Pressure

Why Monitor Blood Pressure?

Diabetes can lead to high blood pressure through different mechanisms. Measuring high blood pressure is important to maintain healthy levels. High blood pressure can lead to kidney disease, stroke and heart disease. Regular blood pressure monitoring and keeping it at a healthy level decreases the risk of strokes and heart attack. It decreases the chance of dying from these conditions.

High blood pressure is a silent disease. Routine blood pressure monitoring is significant since it is a disease without symptoms. It goes undetected in many diabetics leading to strokes- a major killer in people with diabetes.

People with diabetes should aim at maintaining a blood pressure that is less than 130/80. However, blood pressure goals is different for every individual. Consider consulting your doctor on your desired blood pressure target.

Consider owning a blood pressure meter as it allows to monitor at the comfort of your home. Buying a blood pressure monitor reduces the struggles of going to doctor’s office. You are also more motivated to measure your blood pressure. Click here to buy on amazon

Maintaining healthy blood pressure is the most imperative thing you can do to prevent stroke, heart or kidney disease. If your blood pressure is high consult your care provider team as well practicing healthy life styles tips:

  • Increase physical activity
  • Maintain a healthy weight.
  • If you drink alcohol, do so in moderation

Incorporate DASH (Dietary Approach to Stop Hypertension) diet which involves:

  • Taking less salt (sodium)
  • Increasing the use of fat-free foods and low-fat milk products
  • Taking Vegetables and fruits in plenty
  • Reducing lean meat to 6 ounces a day
  1. A1C blood Tests

A1C test measures your average blood glucose in a span of 3 months. It measures the amount of blood glucose bound to hemoglobin (an oxygen carrying protein inside the red blood cells). As the concentration of blood glucose rises, so is the concentration of glucose bound to hemoglobin. While blood glucose test tells you the amount of blood sugar at the time of testing, A1C tells the average glucose concentration in a period of 3 months,

How does A1C help you stay healthy?

If your blood sugar concentrations stays high for a long period of time it leads to damage of blood vessels and nerves which can lead to diabetes complications. A routine blood glucose measuring does not tell you whether your blood glucose has been high for a long time. Having A1C tests four times a year helps you determine your average blood glucose over 3 months. If found to be high (more than 6.5 percent) you should consider instituting measures maintain blood glucose within normal range.

What is the normal A1C goal?

The normal A1C tests should be less than 6.5 to 7 percent. However, different individuals have different A1C goals, consult on doctor on A1C goal that is suitable for you.

If your A1C test is higher than your desired goal, it means your blood glucose concentration has been persistently high for a period of 2 t0 3 month.

A higher A1C test is a warning that you need to institute measures to control your blood sugar levels. Achieving an A1C test that is suitable for  you means that your are at a lower risk of developing diabetes complications.